50 years ago today, June 26th 1963, came President Kennedy's most famous speech, at the height of the Cold War, in the heart of the city that symbolised the tensions and conflicts of the world in 1963. He said:
"Two thousand years ago, the proudest boast was "civis Romanus sum" ["I am a Roman citizen"]. Today, in the world of freedom, the proudest boast is "Ich bin ein Berliner!"... All free men, wherever they may live, are citizens of Berlin, and therefore, as a free man, I take pride in the words "Ich bin ein Berliner!"
Left: Kennedy's aide-memoir to pronunciation
(See newsreel of the speech, hear audio of it in full and read more about it here)